Mount Greylock State Reservation photo

If you’re looking for an unforgettable experience in Western Massachusetts, you must experience Mount Greylock. With its towering elevation of 3,491 feet above sea level, this majestic peak is the highest point in Massachusetts. It draws in hikers, nature enthusiasts, and history buffs worldwide.

But the fun doesn’t stop at the mountain. The surrounding towns and attractions also offer plenty to do, from quaint New England towns to historical landmarks and museums. So, if you think you can hike or simply looking for a memorable experience, Mount Greylock is a must-see destination in Massachusetts. So pack your bags, hit the road, and get ready for an adventure you won’t forget.

The Rich and Fascinating History of Mount Greylock

First, let’s talk about its history. As said above, Mount Greylock is the highest point in Massachusetts and has a history that dates back centuries. This majestic peak has been a source of inspiration for artists, poets, and adventurers alike. Here are some facts about this natural wonder:

Indigenous People and European Settlers

The name “Mount Greylock” came about due to the gray color of the mountain’s rocks, visible from afar. The mountain is part of the Taconic Range, situated in the northwest region of Massachusetts. Native American tribes, including the Mohicans, have called this mountain their home for centuries, using it as a place for worship and hunting.

In the early 1700s, European settlers began to explore the mountain, with a team of surveyors mapping the summit in 1762. The mountain was initially known as “Saddle Ball” or “Saddleback Mountain.” However, it wasn’t until 1780 that a local farmer referred to the mountain as “Greylock,” giving it the name it’s now known for.

A Popular Destination for Hikers and Adventurers

For more than 100 years, the peak of Mount Greylock has been a go-to spot for hikers and outdoor enthusiasts. In 1898, the first trail to the summit was established, offering a challenging but rewarding trek to the top. Later, in 1933, the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) constructed a scenic road to the summit, now known as the Mount Greylock Scenic Byway.

Inspiration for Artists and Writers

In the 19th century, Mount Greylock became a hub for artistic inspiration and creative expression. Some of America’s most celebrated writers and artists sought refuge in the mountain’s stunning natural beauty. 

The likes of Herman Melville and Nathaniel Hawthorne were frequent visitors to the peak and drew inspiration from its breathtaking scenery. Melville even used the mountain as a setting for his classic novel “Moby-Dick.” At the same time, Hawthorne referenced it in his famous book, “A Wonder Book for Girls and Boys.”

Mount Greylock MA

Geographical Features of Mount Greylock

This majestic peak in Western Massachusetts, specifically in the northern part of the Berkshire Mountains, boasts an impressive natural setting. This includes lush forests, tranquil lakes, and flowing rivers surrounding its base.

One of the unique things about Mount Greylock is its distinct geology, which sets it apart from other mountains in the area. The rocks that form its base are more than 500 million years old and mostly made of greywacke. This sedimentary rock has been shaped and eroded over millions of years. 

Additionally, the summit of Mount Greylock is part of the Appalachian Trail, one of the most popular spots for hiking in Massachusetts that spans over 2,190 miles from Georgia to Maine.

How to Reach Mount Greylock

Getting to Mount Greylock can be tricky, especially if you’re from major cities. The mountain is located in Berkshire County, in the northwest corner of Massachusetts, and is pretty isolated from major urban areas. The nearest city is Albany, New York. But don’t worry. Here are some helpful directions for you.

  • If you’re coming from the north, you’ll want to reach the town of North Adams. Once you’re in North Adams, finding your way to the mountain is straightforward.
  • If you’re coming from the south, your best bet is to get to Lanesboro, Massachusetts. From there, you’ve got a few options depending on what you want to do.

Option 1

If you plan to drive to the summit, keep an eye out for the Mount Greylock Reservation and Visitor signs on Route 7, two miles north of Lanesboro. Turn right at North Main St., and you’ll find the visitor center on the right just before the entrance to the reservation. Here you can get trail information and maps. Keep going on Rockwell Rd. for 9 miles to reach the summit.

Option 2

If you plan to hike the Hopper Trails, you’ll stay on Route 7, to the west of Greylock.

Option 3

If you plan to hike the Cheshire Harbor Trail or the Thunderbolt Ski Trail, go east from Lanesboro to the area of Berkshire. Then get on Route 8 to the east portion of Greylock. Continue going north to find the trailheads about 8 miles up the road in Adams.

From New York

If you’re coming from New York, you can reach Lanesboro from the New York State Thruway (I-87) by getting off at I-90 and following it to 90 West towards Albany until you hit Route 20 East. Take that into Massachusetts until you hit Route 7. 

If you’re on the Taconic Parkway in New York, take it to I-90 and follow I-90 East to exit number 2 in Lee. Follow Route 20 to Route 7, pass Pittsfield, and go another 6 miles.

From Massachusetts

Taking the Mass Pike is probably your best bet if you’re coming from within Massachusetts. Take it to exit 2 in Lee, follow Route 20 to Route 7, pass Pittsfield, and go another 6 miles to Lanesboro.

From Georgia

If you’re feeling extra adventurous, you can always hike to Mount Greylock! If you’re coming from Georgia, you can hike the entire Appalachian Trail from Georgia to the summit (which is over 1,500 miles). 

Or, if you’re coming from Maine, you can hike about 600 miles on the Appalachian Trail Southbound to get to Greylock. But for those who don’t have that much time, plenty of day hikes and shorter hikes are available too.


Activities and Attractions on Mount Greylock

There are many things to do in Massachusetts, and Mount Greylock is no exception. The highest mountain in MA offers various activities and attractions for visitors to explore. Whether you’re an outdoor enthusiast or simply seeking some peaceful relaxation, there is something for everyone on this majestic mountain.


Mount Greylock is a popular destination for both beginners and experienced hikers. There are several trails that you can take to explore the mountain. The most popular trail is the Appalachian Trail, a 2,200-mile-long trail that runs from Georgia to Maine.

The Massachusetts section of the trail passes through Mount Greylock and offers stunning views of the surrounding area. Another popular trail is the Hopper Trail, which is a 6.5-mile-long trail that takes you to the summit of Mount Greylock. The trail is moderately complex and offers beautiful views of the surrounding forests.

The Direct Route and the Thunderbolt Ski Trail

The direct route is a moderate 6.7-mile round-trip hike that takes about 3-4 hours to complete. Hikers can expect to see a mix of forest and exposed rock with panoramic views along the way. 

The Thunderbolt Trail, on the other hand, is a more challenging 5-mile hike that follows the historic Thunderbolt Ski Trail. This trail is steeper and rockier than the direct route, but the views of the valley below are worth it.

The Saddle Ball Mountain Trail

The Saddle Ball Mountain Trail is an excellent option for those looking for a leisurely hike. This 4.4-mile trail is rated easy to moderate, and hikers can enjoy a mix of forest and open meadows and incredible views of the surrounding mountains.

To help plan your hike to the highest point in Massachusetts, many resources are available online, including trail maps and hiking guides. Just remember that some trails may be closed during certain times of the year or due to weather conditions, so it’s always best to check ahead of time.


If you’re looking to spend a night or two on the mountain, several camping options are available. The Mount Greylock State Reservation offers three campgrounds open from late May to early October. 

The campgrounds provide basic amenities such as bathrooms, showers, and picnic tables. Several backcountry campsites are also available for those who prefer a more secluded camping experience. The backcountry campsites require a permit, which can be obtained from the Mount Greylock Visitor Center.


Biking is another popular activity that you can enjoy at Mount Greylock. There are several biking trails available on the mountain, including the scenic Greylock Glen Trail. The trail is a 1.5-mile-long trail that takes you through the beautiful forests and meadows of Mount Greylock. 

The course is suitable for all ages and is perfect for families with children. And suppose you’re looking for a more challenging biking experience. Then you can try the mountain biking trails at the Greylock Glen Recreation Area.


Mount Greylock offers stunning views of the surrounding area and is a popular destination for sightseeing. On a clear day, you can see as far as 90 miles away. 

There are also historical landmarks at Mount Greylock, like the Bascom Lodge, built in the 1930s as a shelter for hikers. The lodge offers stunning views of the surrounding area and is a popular tourist spot.

History Exploration

One of the most significant cultural attractions on the mountain is the Veterans War Memorial Tower, which was built in honor of Massachusetts residents who served in World War I. The tower provides visitors with a unique vantage point and a glimpse into the state’s history.

Another important historical landmark on Mount Greylock is the Veterans War Memorial, which honors those who have served in the United States military. The memorial is a testament to the bravery and sacrifice of the men and women who have fought for their country.

couple tourists enjoying camping mountains

Surrounding Towns and Attractions

Mount Greylock’s surroundings are full of scenic beauty and unique attractions worth exploring. Here are some of the towns and attractions near Mount Greylock that you don’t want to miss.

North Adams

Located at the base of Mount Greylock, North Adams is a vibrant town full of charm and character. It’s home to Mass MoCA, the largest contemporary art museum in the country, and many other art galleries, museums, and restaurants. North Adams also has a rich industrial history reflected in its many historic buildings and landmarks.


Just a short drive from Mount Greylock is the town of Williamstown, which is home to Williams College, one of the country’s most prestigious liberal arts colleges. 

Williamstown is a quaint New England town with a charming downtown area perfect for strolling and shopping. It’s also home to the Clark Art Institute, a renowned museum with an impressive collection of art from around the world.

Berkshire County

Mount Greylock is located in Berkshire County, known for its natural beauty and outdoor recreation opportunities. The county has many state parks, hiking trails, and scenic drives, including the Taconic Mountains and the Greylock Glen. Also, the area is known for its cultural attractions, including theaters, music venues, and art galleries.

The Highest Waterfall in Massachusetts

Just a short drive from Mount Greylock is the highest waterfall in Massachusetts, Bash Bish Falls. Located in Mount Washington, this picturesque waterfall is a popular destination for hikers and nature lovers. The falls can be accessed via a short trail that leads to a viewing platform, where visitors can take in the breathtaking views.

Tips and Red Tape for Visiting Mount Greylock

When planning a visit to Mount Greylock, it is essential to consider a few key factors to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience.

  • Best times to visit: The best times to visit Mount Greylock are summer and fall, typically from June to October. The weather is generally mild during these months, and the foliage is at its peak during the fall.
  • Weather conditions: Visitors should be prepared for varying weather conditions, as the weather on Mount Greylock can change rapidly. Temperatures can drop quickly at higher elevations, so warm layers and rain gear are vital.
  • Permits and red tape: While no permits are required for hiking on Mount Greylock, overnight camping and certain other activities may require permits. Visitors should check with the Mount Greylock State Reservation website for specific requirements.
  • Hiking and activity preparation: Hikers and other visitors should come prepared with the proper gear, including sturdy hiking shoes, a map and compass, a first aid kit, and plenty of water and food. Visitors should also be familiar with Leave No Trace principles and carry out all trash and waste.


In the end, Mount Greylock is a must-see destination for anyone who loves nature, hiking, and stunning views. Being the highest point in Massachusetts, it offers a unique and breathtaking experience you won’t find anywhere else in the state. From its beautiful landscapes, unique topography, and rich geological history, Mount Greylock is truly a hidden gem waiting to be explored.

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